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Saffron Finch

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Emberizidae
  • Genus: Sicalis
  • Species: sicalis flaveola
Fun Fact

Saffron finches can be aggressive toward other birds, as they tend to be territorial.

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About Saffron Finches

Male and female saffron finches look very similar. Both have a black maxilla (upper beak) and a pale mandible (lower beak), a greenish-yellow back with bright yellow undersides, the wing and tail feathers are black and lined with yellow, they have an orange crown, and they have dark pink legs. The male, however, is brighter in color than the female.

Saffron finches typically nest in tree cavities or under the eaves of buildings. Males will mate with two or more females during the breeding season.

Saffron Finches in the Wild


These birds inhabit open and semi-open lowland areas.


The saffron finch has a wide range and is native to Argentina; Aruba; Bolivia; Brazil; Cayman Islands; Colombia; Ecuador; French Guiana; Guyana; Netherlands Antilles; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Puerto Rico; Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; Uruguay; Venezuela and has been introduced to Cuba, Jamaica, and the United States.


The saffron finch is extremely insectivorous and will eat a large variety of insects and greens.

Population Status

This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for “vulnerable” based on the range size.

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