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Flamboyant Cuttlefish

  • Order: Cephalopoda
  • Family: Sepioloida
  • Genus: Metasepia
  • Species: pfefferi
Fun Fact

When threatened, flamboyant cuttlefish flash different colors to confuse predators.

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About Flamboyant Cuttlefish

Flamboyant cuttlefish are cephalopods. Although they are adept swimmers, they are usually found on their arms and fins walking along the seafloor. By varying the amount of liquid and gas held in the holes of their skull, cuttlefish can control their buoyancy. Their flat body allows the cuttlefish to live and hover near the bottom of the ocean where it finds prey. The flamboyant cuttlefish is the only known poisonous cuttlefish.

Flamboyant Cuttlefish in the Wild


Sandy and muddy substrates in shallow waters.


Northern and Western Australia, South Queensland, Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea


Adults feed on shrimp, crabs, and fish; babies feed on brine shrimp and mysid.

Population Status

Increased levels of carbon dioxide is a threat to all cuttlefish. Research has shown that under high levels of carbon dioxide, cuttlefish lay down a denser cuttlebone which negatively affects buoyancy regulation.