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Blue-eyed Black Lemur

  • Order: Primate
  • Family: Lemuridae
  • Genus: Lemur
  • Species: Eulemur flavifrons
Fun Fact

Blue-eyed black lemurs are unique as the coloration between the males and females is strikingly different.  This difference is called sexual dichromatism.  Females vary in color from brown to reddish-brown to gray, while the males tend to be black.  They also truly have blue eyes, a rarity among non-human primates.

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About Blue-eyed Black Lemurs

Blue-eyed black lemurs live in social groups ranging from seven to 10 individuals.  Females are dominant even though groups tend to consist of more males than females.  Their preferred way of communicating is with scent markings.  They scent mark by rubbing against branches and other hard surfaces.

This species helps disperse the seeds of over 50 different plants through depositing their waste as they move through the rainforest.  Lemurs also help pollinate plants.  While they eat, they help spread nectar and pollen from plants.

Blue-eyed Black Lemurs in the Wild


Blue-eyed black lemurs live in the northwestern tip of Madagascar.  They inhabit tropical rainforests.  They tend to spend the majority of their time in the rainforest tree canopy foraging for food.


Found on the island of Madagascar


Blue-eyed black lemurs are herbivores, eating ripe fruit, leaves, nectar, berries, flowers and seeds.  Occasionally, they will eat insects. Their food preferences depend on the seasons.

Population Status

According to IUCN’s Red List, the blue-eyed black lemur is critically endangered.  They are one of the top 25 most endangered primates.  The reason they are so critically endangered is due to habitat destruction and hunting.  They are also impacted by wildfires.