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Sumatran Tiger

Classification
  • Order: Carnivora
  • Family: Felidae
  • Genus: Panthera
  • Species: pantera Tigris
Fun Fact

Sumatran tigers have the most stripes of any tiger covering its body. The tiger's stripes help conceal the animal's body as it stalks its prey.

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About Sumatran Tigers

The Sumatran tiger is the smallest type of tiger. Males weigh about 309 pounds whereas, a male Amur tiger may weigh as much as 670 pounds.

Tigers are solitary animals and each tiger will have its own territory in the wild that it must defend. The territory size of each tiger depends on the available food, water, and shelter. A male will have a larger territory than a female. A male will allow females into his territory, but not other males. A tiger will declare its territory with scent marks. It will spray urine against trees and bushes and leave droppings.

The tiger is a nocturnal hunter and it hunts alone. Sometimes a tiger must hunt during the day if past hunts were not successful. The tiger hides in the dense jungle and relies on its stripes to keep it hidden. The stripes serve as disruptive coloration - no two tigers have the same stripe pattern. The tiger will wait till the prey is within close enough distance and then it will ambush.

Sumatran Tigers in the Wild

Habitat

Tropical lowland forest to sub-tropical forests to mountain forest.

Location

The Sumatran tiger lives only on the Indonesian island of Sumatra.

Diet

Sumatran tigers prey upon creatures such as muntjac, primates, wild boar and small mammals.

Population Status

Listed on IUCN's Red List as “critically endangered.” Their population in the wild is now heavily fragmented and is estimated to range between 400 and 500 individuals. They can be found principally in and around Sumatra's national parks.

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